Artist: Alice Quaresma
Curated by Mario Gioia
São Paulo, Brazil
The current exhibit of Alice Quaresma is one of the most interesting ones, not only for its unstable and migrant character in the photographic process, but also for embodying, in a poetic and unique way, some pungent issues to the contemporary artist. In particular, we can highlight those that lean towards relationships, identity issues, uprooting, sense of permanence and displacement, among other powerful traits within her work.
In the Além (Beyond) exhibit, which represents a new debut for Fauna Gallery, now located in Vila Mariana _ a special locus within São Paulo art circuit _ the artist based in New York and who had much of her art education in London shows a series of photographs in which the boundaries and definitions of this language are consciously stretched, but do not fail to establish themselves within the photographic field. They are certainly expanded, since Quaresma seems to aim for what she refers to as “photo-objects”, while taking advantage of painting, drawing, collage and three-dimensional elements.
“The non-object designation is entirely appropriate to my work. […] There are certain types of artworks that belong to the same family. My work is neither architecture, nor sculpture or painting in the old sense “1, declared Hélio Oiticica (1937-1980) to Vera Martins in 1961. Mentioning the name of Oiticica, a reference in the Brazilian Neoconcretism, comes in handy in Quaresma´s visual and conceptual research for being a paradigm in this blur of boundary of means and pillar of art and languages, expanding the resonance of the national constructive project and, to this date, still influential to new generations of artists here (in Brazil).
It is now relevant to tell a little about Alice Quaresma’s journey. Graduated in painting in London, she began to experiment with photography in college, and then went through a phase of self-portraits and other phases of still life in the studio setting, with equipment and strategies focused on an impeccable technique. Later she got back to painting and, from there, managed to deconstruct her own photographic process using elements of other plastic arts and visual researches, guided by a formal detachment.
It is almost under an aegis of crisis _ seen not in the negative sense, but as a propeller for something new to be experienced and discovered under new prisms _ Quaresma’s journey is being built, and now unfolds in a persistent unease about what is photographic _ in a time of overflown circulation of this mean (photograph), something that brings ubiquity but also increasingly rarefied quality of its specificities _ and how it can be covered by subjectivity and a less tenuous presence.
“I am interested in dealing with time; but overlapping it, not linearly. When you see a blurred picture, it is simply the record of time in one click (only one image)”, she says. “Then the paint and many other materials that I have been using on my photographic images come in. I will always use materials, which I have not yet tested. At the moment, I have been using a lot of paint, oil sticks and colored tape.”
Then a more experimental approach comes in, as advocated by Oiticica and his peers, and that helps Quaresma in building a particular path, in which there were times when Demand, Hofer and Becher were decisive, but they stand just as some of the modules that constitute her work. “These interferences deal with the possibility of bringing casual traits. Hand Gestures bring more intuition and less control. The materiality brings moments of surprise by enriching the texture over the flatness of the photo paper.”
And there is this feeling of being a foreigner, from continuously dealing with the idea of not belonging and with the careful, yet not painful, construction of an affectionate memory, which can have great concreteness links, but also, only in images and records, something evanescent, undone. In this sense, they gain importance in Além artworks, such as: Encontro, Mudanças do Tempo e Vestígios (Encounters, Time Changes and Traces); which the titles reveal much of her indicial temporality in collapse. This is something that was already noticeable in her previous project, such as Raízes (Roots, 2013) _ blurred ocean, vigorous vegetation massifs now portrayed in black and white, once glorious public and private buildings and, at the time of the authorial registration, less solid and robust.
Moving against the almost incessant reproduction quality of the photo medium, Alice Quaresma’s unique creations seem to unveil, therefore, a new territory, to “beyond”. And here they echo in the inescapable collage thought of the Italian Luigi Ghirri (1943-1992): “Many […] have seen or considered these photographs as photomontages; just like I would call them, instead of photodémontage. To a large extent, the reality is increasingly transformed into a colossal photograph, and the photomontage has already happen; it is in the real world” 2.
Mario Gioia, June 2015
- OITICICA FILHO, Cesar, COHN, Sergio, VIEIRA, Ingrid (org.). Encontros – Hélio Oiticica. Azougue, Rio de Janeiro, 2009, p. 25.
- FABIANI, Francesca, GASPARINI, Laura, SERGIO, Giuliano, NOGUEIRA, Thyago (org.). Luigi Ghirri – Pensar por Imagens. Instituto Moreira Salles, São Paulo, 2013, p. 68
My work elaborates on life “displacements” that take you to an uncomfortable place and push you to your limits. The cultural remnants that I encounter living overseas as a foreigner have always inspired me to create work that deals with memory, identity and melancholy. I am fascinated by the unique moments I experience when I live away from my culture. Despite the visual clarity of my artwork, the pieces convey a sense of oddness and casual dysfunction. I am interested in materials within my art practice that do not blend, but overlap to hide sections of the composition and reveal others. The revelations in the work come through a sense of surprise. My current work draws great influence from painting and photography. My fascination with painting started as a kid and it is my biggest challenge. Every time I paint I grow restless and find it difficult to resolve an artwork. However, this challenge teaches me to appreciate the qualities of painting as a process in my work.
My work has an almost abstract quality. The precise marks and interventions (with paper, tape, wood, paint and oil pastel) directly on photographic prints – produce an authentic quality to the work. As a result, my artistic investigation transcends the language of photography and acquires qualities of painting. I have been intrigued by ways to break the qualities of the photographic medium in my art practice. One of the art movements that has been especially inspiring to me is the Neo-Concrete art movement from the 1960’s (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) where artists were using geometry as a way to expand the possibilities of texture and sensorial qualities in art. The work’s often experimental qualities allowed it to undergo a process of self-transformation.
Traducido del inglés
Mi trabajo profundiza en los “desplazamientos” de la vida que te llevan a un lugar incómodo y que te empujan hasta sus límites. Los restos culturales con los que me encuentro al estar viviendo en el extranjero siempre me han inspirado a crear obra que tenga que ver con la memoria, la identidad y la melancolía. Tengo una fascinación por los momentos únicos que experimento cuando vivo lejos de mi cultura natal. A pesar de la claridad visual de mi obra, las piezas transmiten una sensación de extrañeza y disfunción casual. Como parte de mi práctica artística, me interesan los materiales que no se mezclan, pero que se superponen para ocultar secciones de la composición y revelar otras. Las revelaciones en mi trabajo vienen a través de un sentido de sorpresa. Mi trabajo actual tiene una gran influencia de la pintura y la fotografía. Mi fascinación por la pintura comenzó desde que era una niña y se ha convertido en mi mayor reto. Cada vez que pinto, crezco de manera inquieta, y me resulta difícil resolver de esta manera la obra de arte. Sin embargo, este reto me enseña a apreciar las cualidades de la pintura como un proceso en mi trabajo.
Mi obra tiene una cualidad casi abstracta. Las marcas e intervenciones (con papel, cinta, madera, pintura y pastel al óleo) hechas sobre impresiones fotográficas, producen una auténtica calidad de la obra. Como resultado, mi investigación artística trasciende el lenguaje de la fotografía y adquiere cualidades de la pintura. Me ha intrigado la manera de romper las cualidades del medio fotográfico como parte de mi práctica artística. Uno de los movimientos artísticos que ha sido especialmente inspirados para mí es el movimiento de arte Neo-concreto de la década de 1960 (Río de Janeiro, Brasil) en donde los artistas utilizaron la geometría como una forma de ampliar las posibilidades de la textura y las cualidades sensoriales en el arte. Las cualidades a menudo experimentales del trabajo, permiten que éste se someta a un proceso de auto-transformación.
Selected Biographical Information
Education / Training
- 2007-2009: Master of Fine Arts, Pratt Institute, New York, USA.
- 2003-2007: Bachelor of Fine Arts, Central Saint Martins School of Art and Design (UAL), London, UK.
Prizes / Fellowships
- 2014: Foam Talent, Foam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
- 2014: Jardim do Hermes Residency, Hermes Artes Visuais, São Paulo, Brazil.
- 2013: Barracão Maravilha Residency, Barracão Maravilha, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
- 2012: School of Visual Arts Residency, School Of Visual Arts (SVA), New York, Brazil.
- 2012: Camera Club Of New York Honorable Mention, Camera Club of New York (CCNY), New York, USA.
- 2010: Garimpo (finalist), Das Artes, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
- 2009: PS122 Prize, PS122, New York, USA.
- 2015: “Além (Beyond)”, Fauna Gallery, São Paulo, Brazil.
- 2013: “Bichos (Beast)”, Mercedes Viegas Gallery, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
- 2013: “Raízes (Roots)”, Barracão Maravilha , Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
- 2011: “Duas Pessoas Cem Lugares (Two People and One Hundred Places)”, Mercedes Viegas Gallery, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
- 2010: “A Casa Americana (American Home)”, PS122 Gallery, New York, USA.
- 2014: “20”, Mercedes Viegas gallery, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
- 2014: “Group show”, Fred Giampietro Gallery, New Haven, USA.
- 2014: “Foam Talent Exhibition”, East Wing Gallery, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
- 2014: “In-dissonance”, The John Slade Ely House (Center for Contemporary Art), New Haven, USA.
- 2014: “Billboard 2×2, Special Projects”, Unseen Photo Fair, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
- 2014: “Foam Talent Exhibition”, L’Atelier Néerlandais, Paris, France.
- 2014: “Eat The Food, Not Its Name”, Clemente Soto Velez Center, New York, USA.
- 2013: “Constructions for Nowhere”, Mercedes Viegas Gallery, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
- 2013: “New Collection Project”, Orlando Lemos Gallery, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
- 2012: “Collective 12”, Mercedes Viegas Gallery, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
- 2012: “MACAA Members Juried Exhibition”, Wayne State University , Detroit, USA.
- 2009: “Some Place Like Home”, Daniel Cooney Gallery , New York, USA.
- Arianna Catania, “31 Photographs that Will Show You The Future of Photography“, The Huffington Post, January 1st 2015.
- IMA Magazine, “Is this Photo or Painting?”, IMA Magazine, Vol. 10, Nov 2014.
- Nani Rubin, “Obra em Progresso”, O Globo, December 1st 2014.
- Karin Bareman, “Recherche”, Foam Magazine, September 2014.
- Charlie Ambler, “From ArtRio to the São Paulo Biennial, Here Are 9 Brazilian Artists Under 35 You Need to Know“, Artsy.net, September 2014.
- Gazeta do Povo Newspaper, “New Art on the Web”, Gazeta do Povo Newspaper, September 7th 2014.
- O Fluminense Newspaper, “Alice Quaresma traz seus “Bichos” a Mercedes Viegas”, O Fluminense Newspaper, September 14th 2013.
- Museu de Fotografia de Curitiba, Curitiba, Brazil.